Fibromyalgia and Mastalgia
Fibromyalgia and mastalgia may or may not coexist in women. This has led some to believe that mastalgia may be a potential symptom of the chronic pain syndrome, especially if it affects over 80% of women in the world. In fact, there is a study published in the Clinics Journal that focused on this topic recently.
In the study published in the Clinics Journal, researchers investigated the reason behind the coexistence of fibromyalgia and mastalgia. They studied how both these conditions affect pain patterns of women. The study consisted of 114 female participants. 61 of these women were suffering from breast pain while the remaining 53 had been diagnosed with fibromyalgia. All of the patients in the study had complained about breast pain.
This include patients who had suffered from mastalgia 3 months before the study has even started. They were all under the fibromyalgia group of patients. Furthermore, all participants were required to answer a Breast Pain questionnaire during the study. In addition, the patients under the mastalgia group were also screened for fibromyalgia. This is to determine the coexistence of the two conditions.
Results of the Study
Researchers observed that about 47% of fibro participants were shown to have mastalgia during their admission. In addition, they found out that about 37% of women with mastalgia were also found to have fibromyalgia symptoms. The overall breast pain scores registered in participants belonging to the fibro group were higher than those in the mastalgia group. In addition, participants belonging to the mastalgia group and found to have fibromyalgia showed higher widespread pain. They also scored high in the symptom severity scale as compared to those belonging in the fibro group.
The researchers highlighted that the link between fibromyalgia and mastalgia is more frequent than previously estimated. In addition, mastalgia was seen to be a part of the central sensitivity syndrome. Therefore, researchers concluded that mastalgia is a potential symptom of fibromyalgia.
However, it is important to noted that there are two forms of mastalgia. One is cyclic mastalgia and the other is non-cyclic mastalgia. Cyclic mastalgia is more common, which is mainly due to menstrual periods. On the other hand, non-cyclic mastalgia affects only a small percentage of women and does not indicate pre-menstrual exacerbations.